Telangana Formation Day 2023: Date, History, Significance, and the Story of Telangana
Date: June 2, 2023
Telangana prople are celebrating Telangana Formation Day today, which holds great cultural and historical significance for the state. Telangana, situated on the Deccan plateau in south-central India, has been shaped by the rule of various dynasties and witnessed the passage of powerful kings throughout its history.
The name "Telangana" originates from the term "Trilinga Desa," meaning the land of the three lingas. The state boasts three ancient Shiva Temples at Srisailam, Draksharam, and Kaleshwarama. It is also believed that the name "Telangana" emerged from the Telugu word "Telugu Angana," signifying a place where Telugu is spoken, distinguishing it from the areas where Marathi was spoken during the reign of the Nizams.
Telangana's early history is intertwined with the rule of prominent dynasties such as the Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Mughals, and Qutub Shahis. The Satavahanas, who reigned from around 1000 BCE to 300 BCE, held sway over a significant portion of the peninsula, including Telangana, during their rule. This period witnessed the flourishing of art and literature.
The Kakatiya dynasty succeeded the Satavahanas and played a crucial role in shaping Telangana's history. They constructed magnificent temples and forts, leaving behind architectural marvels like the famous Warangal Fort. The region saw further changes in governance with the arrival of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire.
In modern times, the demand for a separate state of Telangana gained momentum. After years of sustained protests and movements by the Telugu people, the Congress Working Committee passed a resolution on July 1, 2013, paving the way for the formation of Telangana as a separate state. The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act 2014 bill was subsequently passed in Parliament in February 2014, and Telangana officially came into existence on June 2, 2014.
Telangana Formation Day is celebrated each year on June 2, marking the triumph of the Telangana movement and the division of the united Andhra Pradesh state. On this day, Telangana citizens engage in various cultural activities organized by the state government, reflecting their pride in the region's heritage and achievements.
As Telangana approaches another year of celebration on Formation Day, it is an opportune time to reflect on the state's rich history, its struggle for separate statehood, and the cultural tapestry that makes Telangana a unique part of India's diverse landscape.